The USD/ZAR currency pair has fluctuated throughout 2024 so far, driven by a complex interplay of technical and fundamental factors. As of January 27th, the pair stands at 18.09, up 2.75% from the beginning of the year. Let’s delve into a technical analysis and key catalysts influencing this trajectory.

Technical Analysis:

Moving Averages: The 50-day and 200-day moving averages (MAs) offer contrasting narratives. The 50-day MA currently sits above the 200-day MA, suggesting a potential upward bias. However, the recent dip in USD/ZAR has brought it closer to the 200-day MA, which could act as a support level.

Relative Strength Index (RSI): The RSI currently hovers around 48, indicating neither overbought nor oversold conditions. This leaves room for movement in either direction depending on future catalysts.

Fibonacci Retracement Levels: Following the December spike to 18.94, the pair retraced to the 61.8% Fibonacci level (17.80) before bouncing back. This level could continue to influence support and resistance.

MACD: The Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) indicator shows a slight bearish divergence, suggesting weakening upward momentum.


Global Risk Sentiment: As risk appetite fluctuates globally, investors tend to seek refuge in safe-haven assets like the USD. Increased global uncertainty could strengthen the USD, putting upward pressure on USD/ZAR.

South African Economic Factors: Domestic economic data in South Africa, particularly inflation and GDP growth, plays a crucial role in influencing the Rand’s strength. Strong economic data could weaken the USD/ZAR, while poor performance could strengthen it.

Monetary Policy: Decisions by the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) regarding interest rates significantly impact the Rand. Recent rate hikes by the SARB have already bolstered the currency, and further increases could continue to strengthen it against the USD.

Political Landscape: Political stability and policy decisions in South Africa can also affect investor confidence and currency valuations. Any unexpected political developments could trigger volatility in USD/ZAR.


The upcoming months are likely to see continued volatility in USD/ZAR, driven by the interplay of these technical and fundamental factors. The key levels to watch include the 200-day MA for USD/ZAR (17.52) and the 61.8% Fibonacci retracement level (17.80). Global risk sentiment, South African economic performance, and SARB policy decisions will play significant roles in determining the pair’s direction.

Additional Notes:

This analysis is based on available data as of January 27th, 2024, and is subject to change.

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